Trail hunting did not exist before the Hunting Act 2004. When the Act came into force, the Masters of the Draghounds and Bloodhounds Association (MDBA) were particularly concerned that illegal live quarry hunting, under the guise of following an artificially laid scent, would have a detrimental effect on the sport of drag hunting. To prevent their sport being brought into disrepute, the MDBA insisted that the term "drag hunting" should remain their exclusive property.
Trail hunting did not exist before the Hunting Act 2004 and since it was passed a large number of hunts have announced the adoption of trail hunting. It is acknowledged as a stop-gap which allows hunts to continue hunting, in anticipation that the Hunting Act will be repealed.
When the act came into force, the Masters of Draghounds and Bloodhounds Association (MDBA) were particularly concerned that illegal live quarry hunting, under the guise of following an artificially laid scent, would have a detrimental effect on the sport of drag hunting. To prevent their sport being brought into disrepute, the MDBA insisted that the term 'drag hunting' should remain their exclusive property. As a consequence, the term "trail hunting" was invented. Trail hunting is designed to replicate live quarry hunting as much as possible and involves simulating the search in covert for a scent to follow. The laying of trails, it is claimed, is carried out in such a way as to mirror the movements of hunted live quarry with the result that the progress of the hunt is less predictable and of a slower pace than that of a drag hunt. There is more emphasis on hound work in trail hunting than in drag hunting. The trail scent purportedly used is animal-based; there is little information on the type of scent used but, in the case of traditional fox hunting packs, fox urine is often claimed to be used. The reason given for the use of animal-based scents is that if the Hunting Act is repealed the hounds do not have to be re-trained to hunt the natural quarry scent.
"While the Hunting Act is in place, one of the several legal alternatives to provide activity, for Hunts is trail hunting. This is for hounds to follow an artificial scent, which has been laid in such a way as to mimic a real fox hunt. It would ideally not be the flat out gallop typical of drag hunting, would take in different types of country, and be a challenge for the hounds. It is one of the ways to keep the infrastructure of Hunts intact until such time as the repeal of the Hunting Act can be achieved." (Alastair Jackson, Director of the Masters of Foxhounds Association)
Measures need to be taken to avoid hunting live quarry, since the trail scent laid is animal-based and trails are laid in areas where, traditionally, live quarry have been found, it is not surprising that the hounds often pick up the scent of an animal and pursue it. This is often the defence used by hunts - that they were trail hunting and their hounds accidentally picked up the scent of their traditional live quarry. Since November 2004, traditional hunts have had to retrain their hounds to follow an artificial scent. However, hunts claim that they are trying to replicate pre-ban hunting as closely as possible. Many did not want to convert to drag hunting as they wanted their dogs to retain the scenting ability for a wild quarry in the hope that the Hunting Act would be repealed. If a hunt is taking reasonable steps to avoid hunting a live quarry, then they should be able to show that they have retrained their hounds to follow an artificial scent. The introduction of young hounds over the past few seasons has given them the opportunity to train them to follow a non-animal scent. The MDBA has stated that, if the intention is to trail hunt, then there are a number of measures that can easily be taken to prevent any "accidents" - namely, the hunting of live quarry - from occurring. Firstly, to avoid those areas most likely to be used by the hunt's traditional quarry and not to lay a scent in those areas. Secondly, when hunting live quarry, the line is unpredictable, and the animal may run anywhere, but with trail hunting, the exact route is known. Thus, it is very easy to position hunt servants and/or hunt supporters at key positions so that they can: (i)watch the hunt; and (ii)help stop the hounds if they change to live quarry or inform the huntsman if the hounds have changed to live quarry so that the hunt can be ended promptly.