Hedgehog Species from around the world

Hedgehogs have survived for over 15 million years and are thought to be one of the oldest mammals on earth. They are not found in America or Australia but are found to be widespread. They have changed very little in their time on the planet. Hedgehogs all have hollow hairs that are made from the protein keratin that human hair and fingernails are made from.  

 

Atelerix sclateri

Common Name: Somali Hedgehog

Characteristics: They have chocolate-brown and black banded quills. Their underbelly has white fur with brown on the rear part. They range from 7-10 inches long and weigh between 300-700g.

Range: Northern Somalia

Photo: Stjerne Star Zoo.eu

Atelerix frontalis

Common Name: South African Hedgehog

Characteristics: They have dark chocolate-brown and black banded quills with a white band across the forehead. Their underbelly fur is greyish brown. They range from 7-10 inches long and weigh between 300-700g.

Range: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia & Botswana.

Photo: Ian White  

Atelerix algirus

Common Name: Algerian Hedgehog

Characteristic: They have chocolate-brown and cream banded quills with a white underbelly. They range from 8-14 inches long and weigh between 400-1000g.

Range: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Northern Libya, Southern France, Spain, Canary Islands, Balearic Islands, Malta & Djerba

Photo: http://www.fotonatura.org/

Atelerix albiventris

Common Name: White Bellied Hedgehog or Four Toed Hedgehog

Characteristic: They have chocolate-brown and black banded quills with white fur on their underbelly. They don't have the "great toe" on their back feet, which all other species have. They range from 7-10 inches long and weigh between 300-700g.

Range: Central and Eastern Africa

Erinaceus amurensis

Common Name: Chinese or Amur Hedgehog

Characteristic: Chocolate-brown banded quills with a white underbelly. Colour variations are extensive in this species - they can vary from dark brown through to pale or even albino variations. They range from 12-15 inches long and weigh between 700-1000g.

Range: China, Manchuria & the Korean Penisular

Erinaceus concolor

Common Name: Eastern European Hedgehog

Characteristic: They have chocolate-brown banded quills with a brown underbelly. They also have a white patch of fur on their chest. They range from 12-15 inches long and weigh between 700-1000g.

Range: Eastern Europe - Czechoslovakia, as far south as Israel and north beyond the Caspian sea.

Erinaceus europeaus

Common Name: Western or European Hedgehog

Characteristic: They have chocolate-brown banded quills with a brown underbelly. They range from 12-15 inches long and weigh between 700-1000g.

Range: Britain, Ireland, Southern Scandinavia, Western Europe & New Zealand

Erinaceus roumanicus

Common Name: Northern White-Breasted Hedgehog

Characteristic: They are very similar to the European Hedgehog but can be distinguished by the white spot on their chest. 

Range: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey & Ukraine.

Photo: Mikhail Kolesnikov

Hemiechinus auritus

Common Name: Long eared Hedgehog

Characteristics: They have light brown banded quills which are faintly grooves. They also have long, flexible ears and long legs. They range from 7-10 inches long and weigh between 300-700g.

Range: Northern Africa to Mongolia - Libya, Israel, Iraq, Iran & Pakistan

Photo: Gmelin

Hemiechinus collaris

Common Name: Harwicke’s Hedgehog

Characteristics: They have very dark brown banded quills which dark brown fur on the underbelly. They range from 6-8 inches long and weigh between 200-500g.

Range: Eastern Pakistan & Northern India

Mesechinus dauuricus

Common Name: Daurian Hedgehog

Characteristics: They have brown banded quills. They range from 8-11 inches long and weigh between 450-700g.

Range: Eastern Mongolia, Manchuria & China

Mesechinus hughi

Common Name: Hugh’s Hedgehog or Central Chinese Hedgehog

Characteristics: No central parting of the spines on the crown of the head, long ears, a well-developed big toe and no face mask.

Range: Central China 

Paraechinus aethiopicus

Common Name: Ethiopian Hedgehog

Characteristic: This is a ‘desert hedgehog’. They have pale brown banded quills with dark legs. Their underbelly fur ranged from a mixture of brown, black and white to plain brown. They have a masked face and a white stripe across their forehead. They range from 6-10 inches long and weigh between 400-700g.

Range: Throughout North Africa 

Picture: Hanne Jens Eriksen/naturel.com

Paraechinus hypomelas

Common Name: Brandt’s Hedgehog

Characteristic: This is a ‘desert hedgehogs’. They have very long dark brown quills and lack the white stripe on their forehead. They range from 9-12 inches long and weigh between 500-900g.

Range: Oman, Yemen, Iran Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan & Pakistan

Photo: Jonas 

Paraechinus micropus

Common Name: Indian Hedgehog

Characteristic: This is a ‘desert hedgehog’. They have pale brown quills, a dark mask and a grey/white forehead. They also have a pointy nose and dark legs. They range from 5-7 inches long and weigh between 300-400g.

Range: India & Southern Pakistan 

Paraechinus nudiventris

Common Name: Madras or Bare-Bellied Hedgehog

Characteristic: Not much is known about this particular species of hedgehog. 

Range: Southern India

 

**Last update - March 2016**